Jewish Survival Strategies in Poland, 1942-1945
The goal of this project will be to shed as much light as possible on the fate of these people – both survivors and those who died while in hiding. goal of this project is to conduct an inquiry into the survival strategies of Jews who went into hiding in several pre-selected, rural counties of the Warsaw, Radom, Cracow, Galizien and Lublin Districts of occupied Poland (reorganized by the Germans into a rump state known as the Generalgouvernement). While our knowledge of the fate of the Jews hiding in the urban centers of the Generalgouvernement is significant, much less is known about the survival strategies pursued by the Jews in the countryside. The project is innovative on many levels, but its focus on the victims and on their survival strategies as well as the focus on rural areas need to be pointed out.The new historical evidence, made recently available to scholars, significantly expands our knowledge regarding the fate of the Jews who went into hiding in Poland, following the mass deportation of Jewish masses to the extermination camps, in the spring and summer of 1942 Historians agree that at least 250,000 Polish Jews sought refuge “on the Aryan side”, among the gentile population. From among them about 30.000- 40,000 survived the war while the fate of the rest remains, for the most part, unknown. The “human horizon” of unknown and unreported victims is, therefore, larger than 200,000 people – in the Generalgouvernement alone. The goal of this project will be to shed as much light as possible on the fate of these people – both survivors and those who died while in hiding.