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Archive for April, 2010

International visitorships

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

What is a visitorship in Canadian Studies?

The Institute of Canadian Studies provides research visitorships to scholars who wish to come to Ottawa to work on Canadian-related projects. The visitorships are designed for sabbaticants and those holding research grants in Canadian studies or for those who want to produce teaching tools on Canada. Located near the National Archives, the National Library and an array of museums, the University of Ottawa’s Institute of Canadian Studies is the ideal place to conduct research on Canada.

The Institute provides library privileges, computing facilities, technical support and university affiliation. Visitors can also call on the Mitel Data Analysis Centre, a computer facility providing access to many online databases.

Visitorships at the University of Ottawa range from two weeks to six months and are renewable if space is available. If an office is no longer available, visitors can still access the Mitel Data Analysis Centre (with 12 computer stations) during regular office hours.

To apply for a research visitorship at the Institute of Canadian Studies, please complete the http://www.canada.uottawa.ca/eng/registration.html and submit it to the Institute.

Note that University of Ottawa policy requires that all foreign students, visitors or workers purchase the University Health Plan (UHIP) if they stay more than 21 days (about $70 a month). Upon your arrival, you must register at the Human Resources Service of the University of Ottawa (Room 019 in Tabaret Hall; telephone 613-562-5832). This is mandatory, regardless of what other personal insurance you may have.

After reviewing your online application, we will let you know if we can support your teaching and research activities in Canadian studies.

Original Source

A prescience of African cultural studies

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Handel Kashope Wright
2003, Peter Lang Publishing Group

The future of literature in Africa is not what it was

In A prescience of African cultural studies, Handel Kashope Wright makes an argument for undertaking a necessary paradigm shift: from literature studies in Africa to African Cultural Studies. There are several major themes in this text; in particular, it rejects mainstream notions of literature as (self)deceptively apolitical and decidedly non-utilitarian. As an alternative, Wright proposes African Cultural Studies as an African-centered discourse and praxis that incorporates written, oral, and performance forms, and overtly addresses political and sociocultural issues. He articulates African Cultural Studies in relation to existing cultural studies, its taken for granted British origin and genealogy, and its global trajectories.

Finally, Wright elaborates on African Cultural Studies by reconceptualizing drama (emphasizing performance over written text), incorporating film and electronic media and exploring the potential contribution African cultural studies could make to both the discourse and process of development in Africa.

A shadow on the household

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Bryan Prince
2009, McClelland & Stewart

One enslaved family’s incredible struggle for freedom

An extraordinary story of one couple’s determination to free themselves and their children from slavery and make a new life in Canada. Prior to abolition in 1865, as many as 40,000 men, women, and children made the perilous trip north from enslavement in the United States to freedom in Canada. Many were aided by networks that came to be known as the Underground Railroad. And the stories that emerge from the past about these journeys are truly remarkable.

In A shadow on the household, Bryan Prince, a descendant of slaves, brings to life the heart-wrenching story of the Weems family and their struggle to liberate themselves from slavery. John Weems, a man who purchased his own freedom, paid the owner of his enslaved wife and eight children an annual fee to keep them together at one plantation. But when that owner died, the Weemses were cruelly separated and scattered throughout the South. Heartbroken and desperate, John resolved to raise the money to buy his family’s freedom and reunite them. Mining newspapers, private letters, diaries, estate records, marriage registries, and abolitionist papers for details of a story cloaked in secrecy, Bryan Prince has rescued the Weems family and their plight from historical oblivion.

An unforgettable story of love and persistence, played out in four countries (the United States, Canada, Jamaica, and the United Kingdom) against the backdrop of the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a growing abolitionist movement, and the heroic efforts of the Underground Railroad, the Weems family saga must be read to be believed.

Pierre Ndoumaï &
2007, Harmattan

Pourquoi les Noirs n’ont connu que l’expérience de la souffrance au cours de leur histoire récente? Comment expliquer le fait que tous les maux semblent s’être donné rendez-vous sur le continent noir? Comment expliquer l’assimilation du Noir au deuil, à la paresse, aux ténèbres? Le Dieu de la Bible n’est-il pas complice du sort des Noirs? L’auteur cherche à répondre avec rigueur méthodologique en faisant appel à l’exégèse biblique, l’histoire, l’anthropologie et la sociologie.

Africanicity in Black Cinema

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de b’Béri
Cultural Studies, Vol. 22 (2) 2008, London & New-York: Routledge, pp. 187-208

A Conjunctural Ground for New Expression of Identity

This essay reviews the conceptual tensions between black cultural and political identity in order to discern new conjunctural practices of identity occurring, specifically, in some black films. It suggests that a specific paradigm of communication, such as “historical affective re-enactment”, can illustrate the ways in which blacks articulate their identity through the medium of cinema. Examination of this paradigm as a discursive practice of detournement or marronage allows us to understand the more complex effects of Africanicity as a necessary re-enactment of social and historical commentary, which labyrinthic horizon transcends any decoding structure of political and cultural identity. This essay concludes that rather than being a decoding structure of identity, the notion of Africanicity is a conjunctural ground of investigation through which trans-geographical practices of identity emerge.

White America’s construction of black bodies

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de b’Béri & Peter Hogarth,
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, Volume 2, Issue 2 May 2009

The case of Ron Artest as a model of covert racial ideology in the NBA’s discourse

This paper mobilizes the works of Stuart Hall, Colin King, and George Yancy as theoretical lenses for a discursive analysis of a significant sport event that occurred during a Detroit Pistons versus Indiana Pacers National Basketball Association (NBA) game in Auburn Hills, Michigan on December 19, 2004.

This event began when Ron Artest, a member of the Indiana Pacers, shoved Detroit Pistons player Ben Wallace after a hard foul. The fight escalated when Artest was struck by a drink thrown from the stands. Artest jumped into the stands and began fighting Pistons fans, which prompted other teammates and fans to join in, resulting in a massive brawl between fans and players for which Artest was suspended for the remainder of the basketball season. This article’s analysis of this case provides interesting indicators of the ideology, discourses, and racial meanings shaping sports media in America.

Some of the questions that are central to this analysis are the following: How is the coverage of black players fighting white fans framed in the context of a predominantly black sport and white spectatorship; how does this fit with the existing scholarly discourse regarding racial representation in sports and other media; what is the fan-player relationship in a sport that consists largely of white fans watching black players; furthermore, how does this relationship manifest itself in media coverage and player-fan discourse?

Tactiques scripturaires dans les cinémas d’Afrique Noire

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Sous la direction de Boulou Ebanda de b’Béri,
CiNéMAS, Vol. 11 (1), (Journal of Film Studies) Montréal, Qc, Automne, 2000, pp. 11–30

The research on Black African cinema within this article utilizes the concepts of strategy and tactics, as discussed by Michel de Certeau.

The hypothesis stated is that Black African cinemas infiltrate the strategic structures of dominant cinemas, thereby opening up new paths for analysis. A historical overview of images and discourses about Africa shows how the appropriation and rappropriation of the image of Blacks by Blacks themselves operate. The description of two film sequences illustrate how reappropriation functions through strongly politicized diversions.

Philadelphia’s Enlightenment, 1740-1800

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Nina Reid Maroney
2001, Greenwood Press

Kingdom of Christ, Empire of Reason

Rather than treating the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment as defining opposites in 18th century American culture, this study argues that the imperatives of the great revival actually shaped the pursuit of enlightened science. Reid-Maroney traces the interwoven histories of the two movements by reconstructing the intellectual world of the “Philadelphia circle.” Prophets of the Enlightenment had long tried to resolve pressing questions about the limitations of human reason and the sources of our knowledge about the created order of things. The leaders of the Awakening addressed those questions with a new urgency and, in the process, determined the character of the Enlightenment emerging in Philadelphia’s celebrated culture of science.

Tracing the influence of evangelical sensibility and the development of a Calvinist parallel to the philosophical skepticism of enlightened Scots, Reid-Maroney finds that the Philadelphians “love of science” rested on a radical critique of human reason, even while it acknowledged that reason was the “dignifying and distinguishing property of human nature.” Benjamin Rush alluded to an enlightenment wrought by grace in his image of the Kingdom of Christ and the Empire of Reason. In the post-Revolutionary period, the redemptive Enlightenment of the Philadelphia circle reached its greatest cultural power as a vision for scientific progress in the new republic.

The paradox of national identity

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de b’Béri & Ruth Middlebrook
Canadian Journal of Communication, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2009

Region, nation, and Canadian Idol

This paper focuses on the 2006 season of the reality television show Canadian Idol and the manufacturing of Canadian identity. This analysis looks specifically at how Canadian identity was articulated in the production of the show, the comments of the judges to contestants, the comments in news releases, and the viewers’ discussions on the message board accompanying the show. De B’Béri and Middlebrook argue that the show produces a version of Canadian identity that sustains a logic of regional difference, with a key point of distinction between urban and nonurban Canadians. However, this representation is ruptured by the viewers’ debates on their feelings of Canadian identity.

The new practices of memory

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de B’béri
Re :Activism, Budapest: Budapest European University of Technology, August 2005

The case of indy media and indigenous people council of biocolonialism

This paper analyzes the ways in which specific appropriation of new media, the Internet particularly, can allow us to observe new conjunctural articulations of democracy. De b’Béri argues that emerging practices of memory through new technology of communication illustrate a ‘shift’ in modernity. This is seen particularly in certain monopolies of knowledge and cultural expressions if we admit that ‘modernity’ is a centre through which certain histories are selected and given greater value, and other kind of histories positioned in the margins. This also occurs if we locate modernity within all colonial and imperial processes that led to the politics of emancipation, by any means necessary.

Intermedial location of meaning in Mouna Moto

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de B’béri
Cinema and Social Discourse, BASS 69, Sous la direction d’Alexie Tcheuyap, Bayreuth, Germany, 2006

Some film analysts achieve a transparent dispositive of cinema-art in their analysis of black cinema. In these cases they use elements of psychoanalysis, structuralism, or post-structuralism as the paradigmatic frameworks rendering black cinema intelligible. By doing so, they are able to analyze an entire film in twenty pages as if these images were merely literal phrases.

Mapping alternative expressions of blackness in cinema

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de B’béri
2006, Bayreuth

A horizontal labyrinth of transgeographical practices of identity

“This book is an excellent examination of the role of cinema as a conduit of black expressions of identity. It illustrates that since its inception, films have played an important part in generating, on the one hand, imaginary significations about black people, and, on the other hand, imaginative signifying practices harmonized with black expressions of identity. Indeed, Dr. Boulou Ebanda de B’béri’s Mapping Alternative Expressions Of Blackness in Cinema takes the reader into an uncommon horizontal labyrinth, with one of the most important questions of present and past centuries: the fabrications and representations of identity. His book truly unpacks the categories of racial, cultural and political identity in order to discern the reenacted practices of blackness linking the socio-historical experience of black peoples to their trans-geographical expressions of Africanicity in film. He concludes that specific paradigms of communication, such as ‘affecitivity’ and ‘resilience’, determine the ways in which some blacks articulate their practices of identity through the medium of cinema.

Examination of these paradigms as discursive practices of ‘détournement’ or ‘marronage’ allows us to understand the more complex effects of Africanicity or blackness as a necessary signifying practice of cultural and historical experiences of black people.”

Introduction to Media Studies

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de B’béri, Co-Edited with Pierre C. Belanger, Mahmoud Eid, Mark Lowes, and Evan Potter
2007, Oxford University Press

The central objective of this text is to expose students to various conceptual frameworks that will allow them to comprehend and problematize their everyday life experience with mass media texts. Each section includes insightful classics, carefully selected texts from various scholars and institutional productions, an introduction, and a study guide.

Key Concepts in the Work of Arnold Shepperson

Posted by lamacs On April - 29 - 2010

Boulou Ebanda de B’béri and Michael Audette-Longo
CRITICAL ARTS, 23 (2), 2009 Routledge-UNISA : London (UK) Pretoria (SA), pp. 153-170

Representing Communication and Collaboration

This essay is divided into two main sections. The first section exposes the ways in which the work of Shepperson mobilizes the concept of communication, while the second section focuses on the concept of collaboration. Firstly, we want to show how the work of Shepperson tackles the study of communication, by paradoxically adopting and rearticulating at the same time the theoretical linearity of the Sender-Receiver model, which was then the widely accepted canonical model for the study of communicative processes.

Secondly, we will illustrate how the concept of collaboration appears in the works of Shepperson as both a cornerstone-theme as well as a methodology orienting his critical discourses. In this second section, we expose more explicitly Shepperson’s critical discourses while he deploys the theme of collaboration as being constitutive of the knowledge that would subsequently become a representation of the experience of the world.

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